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IPCC TECHNICAL PAPERS - Climate Change and Water

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  IPCC Technical Paper VI - June 2008

Bates, B.C., Z.W. Kundzewicz, S. Wu and J.P. Palutikof, Eds.

IPCC Secretariat, Geneva, 210 pp.

Available from IPCC Secretariat 

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The GRID-Arendal Annual Reports

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The GRID-Arendal Annual Reports

 

Annual report 2009
PDF 12mb
Annual report 2008
PDF 3mb
Annual report 2007
PDF 800kb
Annual report 2006
PDF 2000kb
Annual report 2005
PDF 4380kb
Annual report 2004
PDF 4105kb
Annual report 2003
PDF 4461kb
Annual report 2002
PDF 7817kb
Annual report 2001
PDF 1076kb
Annual report 2000
PDF 2184kb
Annual report 1999
PDF 2940kb
Annual report 1998
PDF 2105kb
   

 

 

IPCC Third Assessment Report - Climate Change 2001 - Complete online versions

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Working Group I: The Scientific Basis
Working Group II: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
Working Group III: Mitigation
Synthesis Report
The Scientific Basis Impacts, Adaptation
and Vulnerability
Mitigation Synthesis Report

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Contents
English Full report
Arabic SPM & TS
Chinese SPM & TS 
French SPM & TS
Russian SPM & TS
Spanish SPM & TS

Contents
English Full report
Arabic SPM & TS
Chinese SPM & TS 
French SPM & TS
Russian SPM & TS
Spanish SPM & TS

Contents
English Full report
Arabic Full report
Chinese Full report
French Full report
Russian Full report
Spanish Full report

Presentations and Graphics - Selection of figures from various IPCC Reports

 

IPCC Fourth Assessment Report: Climate Change 2007 (AR4)

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IPCC statement on the melting of Himalayan glaciers - 20 January 2010 (PDF) 

Working Group I Report
"The Physical Science Basis"
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Working Group II Report
"Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability"
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Working Group III Report
"Mitigation of Climate Change"
CLICK HERE

The AR4 Synthesis Report

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A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction

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"Individuals have no effective voice in any community of more than 5,000-10,000 persons."

A-Pattern-LanguageA Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction is a 1977 book on architecture, urban design, and community livability. It was authored by Christopher Alexander, Sara Ishikawa and Murray Silverstein of the Center for Environmental Structure of Berkeley, California, with writing credits also to Max Jacobson, Ingrid Fiksdahl-King and Shlomo Angel. Decades after its publication, it is still one of the best-selling books on architecture.[1]

The book creates a new language, what the authors call a pattern language derived from timeless entities called patterns. As they write on page xxxv of the introduction "All 253 patterns together form a language." Patterns describe a problem and then offer a solution. In doing so the authors intend to give ordinary people, not only professionals, a way to work with their neighbors to improve a town or neighborhood, design a house for themselves or work with colleagues to design an office, workshop or public building such as a school. It includes 253 patterns such as 12 - Community of 7000 given a treatment over several pages where Pattern 12 on page 71 then goes on to state "Individuals have no effective voice in any community of more than 5,000-10,000 persons." It is written as a set of problems and documented solutions. This is a form that a theoretical mathematician or computer scientist might call a generative grammar. Written in the 1970's at University of California - Berkeley, it was influenced by the emerging language to describe computer programming and design. "A pattern language has the structure of a network" the authors write on page xviii. Thus each pattern may have a statement that is referenced to another pattern by placing that pattern's number in brackets, for example:(12) means go to the Community of 7,000 pattern. If the book had been written a few decades later, it probably would have been a web site, with each page being a pattern having hyperlinks to other patterns.

According to Alexander & team, the work originated from an observation that

"At the core... is the idea that people should design for themselves their own houses, streets and communities. This idea... comes simply from the observation that most of the wonderful places of the world were not made by architects but by the people".
—Christopher Alexander, A Pattern Language, front bookflap
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